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Characteristics of the Indian population
Photographic Book India

India has about 16 per cent of the world’s population. Its population is 1,129,866,200 (2007 estimate). The overall population density is about 380 people per sq km (984 per sq mi). Many births and deaths are unregistered, but official data suggest that the birth rate in 2007 was about 23 per 1,000. Life expectancy averaged 69 years. Approximately 71 per cent of India’s population lives in rural areas. Though living conditions in many areas have improved—for example through the provision of clean water—most people are still poor. About one third of the population lives on or below the UN poverty line; less than 3 per cent of Indian households have an income of more than US$2,500 a year.

Principal cities of India
Kolkata city

New Delhi, India’s capital city, has a population of 179,112 (2001). The country’s largest cities are Kolkata (population, 2001, 13,216,546), Delhi (2001, 12,791,458), and Mumbai (2001, 11,914,398). Other cities with populations of more than 1 million include: the port of Chennai (2001, 6,424,624); Hyderabad (2001, 5,533,640), which is famous for its handicrafts; Ahmadabad (2001, 4,519,278), and Bangalore (2001, 5,686,844), which are major rail junctions; the leather manufacturing city of Kanpur (2001, 2,690,486); Pune (2001, 3,755,525);

Kolkata city. Encarta
Surat (2001, 2,811,466); Jaipur (2001, 2,324,319); Lucknow (2001, 2,266,933); Nagpur (2001, 2,122,965); Indore (2001, 1,639,044); Bhopal (2001, 1,454,830); Vadodara (2001, 1,492,398); and Cochin (2001, 1,355,406)."India," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2008
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